The long history of systemic racism, beginning with slavery and continuing with twentieth-century segregation, is often defined strictly in terms of white supremacy and racial animus. But economic oppression has always been foundational to anti-Black racism. Indeed, most historians argue that the economics of US enslavement came first, and racial ideology evolved decade after decade through law and policy after 1619. This master class explores this foundational history as a way to understand the relationship of capitalism and systemic racism, or what some scholars increasingly call today, racial capitalism.
US HISTORY, ECONOMICS, ETC.
Khalil Gibran Muhammad
Khalil Gibran Muhammad is the Ford Foundation Professor of History, Race and Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School, where he directs the Institutional Antiracism and Accountability Project. He is co-host of the Pushkin podcast Some of My Best Friends Are… (available free wherever you get your podcasts), and the former Director of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, a division of the New York Public Library and the world’s leading library and archive of global Black history. Khalil recently co-chaired a National Academies of Science consensus study, published this fall, “Reducing Racial Inequality in Crime and Justice,” and is the award-winning author of The Condemnation of Blackness: Race, Crime and the Making of Modern Urban America. He is a frequent contributor to documentary films and an occasional writer for The New York Times, including The 1619 Project, among other media outlets. He serves on numerous boards, including the Vera Institute of Justice, The Museum of Modern Art, and The New-York Historical Society.